The Neo-Impressionist does not dot,he divides.
At the suggestion of Camille Pissarro ,one of the founders of the Impressionist group ,work by his son,Lucien ,and two other young French painters,Paul Signac and George Seurat were included in the last Impressionist exhibition held in 1886. The Pissarros had already met Seurat and Signac the year before ,and all four were working inthe style that would soon be lbelled Neo-Impressionism by the critic Félix Fénéon.
The new pictures were hung separetly from the main exhibition ,inviting critics to compare the old and new styles of Impressionism.The strategy was a success and critical reaction was favourable.Fénéon's review,highlighting both the origin of the Impressionist style and the reaction to Impressionist techniques was positive.By the early 1880s,many of the Impressionist felt that Impressionism had gone too far in dematerializing the object and had become too ephemeral.
As La Grand Jatte illustrates ,the majority of Neo-Impressionist paintings are evenly composed,and the divisionist technique produces extraordinary optical effects.Since the eye is constantly moving,the dots never completely meld together ,but produce a shimmering ,hazy effect, like that experienced in bright sunlight.The after-effect is such that the image seems to float in time and space.This illusion is often heightened by another Seurat's innovations:a pointillist border painted on the canvas itself ,and sometimes extended to include the frame.
Neo-Impressionist imagery was also influenced by progressive aesthetic theories of the day ,such as those of Charles Henry and others,which dealt with physiological responses to lines and colours.According to their theories ,horizontal lines included calm;upward-sloping lines ,sadness.
In 1899,Neo-Impressionism was given a new lease of life in France with the publication of Signac From Eugéne Delacroix to Neoimpressionism.
A wide range of artists,including Vincent van Gogh ,Paul Gauguin and Henri Matisse ,experimented with Neo-İmpressionist techniques during their carees.
ART IN MODERN ERA